Many people are worried about ‘burning’ the skin during laser/IPL treatment of hair, tattoos, blood vessels etc. But, what is the actual risk? Well, we can work this out knowing the skin colour and the applied fluence. Now, as many of you already know, I don’t like the Fitzpatrick Scale because it does not determine… Continue reading What is the risk of ‘burning’ the skin with a laser or IPL?
This is not easy to determine! It depends on the type of device you are using – IPL, diode, alexandrite, Nd:YAG laser. It depends on the depth of the follicles. It depends on the hair colour. I built a computer model to try to calculate these fluences. It considers all of the above, but today… Continue reading What are the threshold (minimum) fluences needed to ensure successful hair removal?
It appears many people are using their tattoo laser wrongly! They are holding it off the skin, up to 10 to 20cm away. This is just wrong!! By doing this they will invariably apply a very small spot diameter at the skin surface which generates a huge fluence (energy density). Such fluences can easily damage… Continue reading The WRONG way to do laser tattoo removal!
Blood aborbs light strongly in the region between about 500 and 600nm. The graph below shows this with both oxy- and deoxyhaemoglobin (the red and blue lines). We don’t use the lower wavelengths (below 450nm) because they are too near the blue/ultra-violet part of the spectrum! So, we can selectively target blood vessels using these… Continue reading Treating blood vessels with an IPL
I am often asked, during training, “what is the best time to leave between laser/IPL treatment sessions?” This is actually quite tricky to answer. I wondered about this for some time and then realised that I had to build a computer model to answer it correctly. So, I used Excel and built such a model.… Continue reading Calculating the optimum intervals between hair removal sessions.
I gave a talk at this year’s BMLA meeting in Edinburgh. It was on a topic close to my heart – the notion of thermal relaxation times and how they don’t apply to modern-day photo thermal treatments. Here it is… I hope that clears up a few things, Mike.