The fluence must be chosen to kill the germ cells in the target follicles. Those are the real targets – not the melanin in the hair shaft. The melanin can be viewed as a surrogate which we can heat using light energy. But, the germ cells do not have a chromophore which we can exploit… Continue reading Why we should NOT reduce the fluence when treating darker skins!!!
I read an interesting paper on this topic, last week. It was a clinical study looking into the application of ‘super hair removal’ using a low fluence output from a diode laser. As you may already know, I’m not a big fan of this technique. I feel that it is ‘tricky’ to administer properly and… Continue reading SHR/In-motion tehcnique – an update
Here’s a strange thing…. When we fire a laser or an IPL at the skin surface we usually know the fluence that is applied. So, we figure that a 10 J/cm2 will penetrate into the skin and diminish with depth. Well, bizarrely, it doesn’t!! This is entirely due to scattering. So, what is scattering? The… Continue reading How can there be more fluence inside the skin than is applied at the surface???
Many people are worried about ‘burning’ the skin during laser/IPL treatment of hair, tattoos, blood vessels etc. But, what is the actual risk? Well, we can work this out knowing the skin colour and the applied fluence. Now, as many of you already know, I don’t like the Fitzpatrick Scale because it does not determine… Continue reading What is the risk of ‘burning’ the skin with a laser or IPL?
This is not easy to determine! It depends on the type of device you are using – IPL, diode, alexandrite, Nd:YAG laser. It depends on the depth of the follicles. It depends on the hair colour. I built a computer model to try to calculate these fluences. It considers all of the above, but today… Continue reading What are the threshold (minimum) fluences needed to ensure successful hair removal?
It appears many people are using their tattoo laser wrongly! They are holding it off the skin, up to 10 to 20cm away. This is just wrong!! By doing this they will invariably apply a very small spot diameter at the skin surface which generates a huge fluence (energy density). Such fluences can easily damage… Continue reading The WRONG way to do laser tattoo removal!
Blood aborbs light strongly in the region between about 500 and 600nm. The graph below shows this with both oxy- and deoxyhaemoglobin (the red and blue lines). We don’t use the lower wavelengths (below 450nm) because they are too near the blue/ultra-violet part of the spectrum! So, we can selectively target blood vessels using these… Continue reading Treating blood vessels with an IPL
I am often asked, during training, “what is the best time to leave between laser/IPL treatment sessions?” This is actually quite tricky to answer. I wondered about this for some time and then realised that I had to build a computer model to answer it correctly. So, I used Excel and built such a model.… Continue reading Calculating the optimum intervals between hair removal sessions.
If you want to attend our MasterClass in Birmingham (September 18/19th, 2022) you can secure your place by paying a £100 deposit. To do this just click here… If you require any further details, please let me know – MikeMurphyLPA@gmail.com. See y’all there, Mike.
IPL devices output a broad range of wavelengths which can be used to treat hair, blood vessels and pigmentation. We know that blood absorbs yellow light very strongly – typically in the region 500 to 600 nm (or thereabouts!) I trained some ladies (in ‘Mona Permanent Cosmetics’), recently, to use their IPL for telangiectasias (thread… Continue reading Treating nasal thread veins with an IPL